Chinese magnetic anal bolus





Neuromodulation as a treatment for FI has its origins in the work of Melzack and Wall who first described transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation TENS. Late toxicity after short course preoperative radiotherapy and total mesorectal excision for resectable rectal cancer. Accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging in prediction of tumour-free resection margin in rectal cancer surgery. Randomized trial of short-course radiotherapy versus long-course chemoradiation comparing rates of local recurrence in patients with T3 rectal cancer: However, complete sterilization of the operative specimen was more frequent with chemoRT All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Quantitative measurement of the ADC value is an additional important tool for the analysis of benign and malignant tumours, as well as lymph nodes using DWI imaging, which reflects the diffusion properties of water molecules, with size depending on the imaging material and spatial distribution of the internal molecules

Long-term outcome in patients with a pathological complete response after chemoradiation for rectal cancer:

Novel Treatment Options for Fecal Incontinence

The final follow-up was performed in February It is also not inferior to infusion 5-FU in combination with oxaliplatin for first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer [ 37 ]. In that study, although the addition of panitumumab to neoadjuvant chemoRT in patients with KRAS wild-type rectal cancer resulted in a high pathologic nearly complete or complete rate, it increased toxicity [ 51 ]. Magnetic anal sphincter augmentation for the treatment of fecal incontinence: Recently, some reports in the literature have questioned whether routine imaging for restaging after preoperative chemoRT is needed or not.








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