From the early Christian era 30 to CEmarriage was thought of as primarily a private matter, with no uniform religious or other ceremony being required. None of these men had legal rights to the woman's child. Closeup headshot portrait of confident smiling happy pretty young woman, isolated background of blurred trees. In The History of Human MarriageEdvard Westermarck defined marriage as "a more or less durable connection between male and female lasting beyond the mere act of propagation till after the birth of the offspring. Indian Married Couple Stock Images 1, indian married couple stock images are available royalty-free. Some countries — such as Belgium, BulgariaFrance, the Netherlands, Romania and Turkey  — require that a civil ceremony take place before any religious one.
A couple could exchange consent anywhere, anytime.
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Myanmar frequently referred to as Burma is also the only predominantly Buddhist nation to allow for civil polygynous marriages, though such is rarely tolerated by the Burmese population. Archived from the original PDF on 15 December In Medieval Western Europelater marriage and higher rates of definitive celibacy the so-called "European marriage pattern" helped to constrain patriarchy at its most extreme level. Retrieved April 6, The opposite case may happen as well.